Migraine or tension headaches. Are two head pains which are very typical within the general population with different clinical characteristics and treatments depending on the type of patient.
Stroke or Cerebral Vascular Accident is a neurological illness which is very frequent especially in patients of advanced age or in younger patients who are suffering from arterial hypertension, high cholesterol or diabetes or people who smoke.
Referred to as an alteration in speech, loss of strength within an extremity, alteration in sensibility or in sudden onset vision.
It is important to detect these symptoms as soon as possible as they are classed as a medical emergency and this way the precise treatment can be given at the adequate time.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most well-known neurodegenerative illness or dementia, characteristically consistent in the alteration of the short term memory although can also be seen to affect distinct cognitive areas. It is important to be able to differentiate from other types of dementia and attend to it in time to be able to stabilize the course of the illness.
Epilepsy is a neurological illness which has two demographic peaks: It is more frequent in younger and older population and less frequent in middle age. Additionally there does not only exist the generalised tonic-clonic epilepsy -the one that is known in films- but it can also present itself with less known symptoms such as alteration of speech, disconnection from surroundings (absences) and a long etcetera depending on the area of the brain which is originating this episode. Because of this, it is advisable to detect and manage it correctly right from the start with adequate treatment to be able to continue life.
Parkinson’s disease, is the most common neurological illness when referring to movement disorders. It is normal to have tremors in extremities (more in one side than the other), as well as slowness in movements or shoulder pain in younger people. Older patients can present with instability when walking or have frequent falls.
All of these symptoms need to be put into context and together with complementary tests, will help to carry out an adequate diagnosis for a good therapeutic management with medications and the most advanced therapies in the pharmaceutical market.
Multiple Sclerosis is an illness that often appears in young adults and that consists in neurological symptoms such as paraesthesia, vertiginous syndrome (dizziness), diplopia (double vision), diminishment of acute vision (blurred vision)… and is referred to as a neurodegenerative illness.
The current treatments available in the Neurology Service of Hospital Clínica Benidorm are modifiers of the illness, which means that they can be stopped from the initiation and quality of life can be maintained for many years.
Dr. José Javier Hernández Martínez
Dra. Leticia Berenguer
Dra. Mª Empar Blanco Cantó