Nephrology is a specialty which arose from Internal Medicine which has acquired a large relevance in the last decade after observing the importance of the study of renal illnesses which are a very important problem within public health where they are associated with premature death with important social and economic implications.
Nephrology takes care of the clinical diagnosis or the pathological intrinsic alterations and the management of treatments which can prevent development and slow down its progression to terminal states. Additionally, it is possible to detect and reduce the secondary systematic complications (anaemia, secondary hyperparathyroidism, cardiovascular disease, acute renal insufficiency, infections, physical and cognitive deterioration, etc.). In more advanced states it studies renal substitute treatment through depurative extracorporeal techniques (haemodialysis), corporeal (peritoneal dialysis) or renal transplants.
This specialty has also developed the study and management of arterial hypertension, renal lithiasis and electrolytic alterations which are produced in the body.
- Unit of Haemodialysis and holiday dialysis: Is the management of patients with very advanced renal insufficiency who need a substitute treatment. We apply an extracorporeal technique, meaning, we pass the blood through an external filter to the body to purify the blood which the kidney cannot filter and we manage all of the complications that come with this illness through a very strict follow up care of the patent.
- Unit of clinical nephrology: Study and management of renal insufficiency, trying to correct the cause that provokes it and prevent its development. In the case of chronic lesions, we look to slow down its progress and reduce the secondary complications.
- Unit of Hypertension and vascular risk: Management of arterial tension and other cardiovascular risk factors of great prevalence in the current society. These are known factors which are intimately related to the development of chronic renal illnesses.
- Unit of Special techniques of blood purification in acute patients and other pathologies: Through an extracorporeal technique, passing the blood through an external filter, we try to eliminate a series of components responsible for specific illnesses and achieve to modulate the systematic response. It can also be used to replace factors with plasma deficits.
Dr. Jaime Sanz García